Polynesian people comprise of some Austronesian ethnicities talking Polynesian languages. Polynesians are estimated to total 2,000,000 with the US, Australia, New Zealand, and Chile has significant populations. The Polynesian people are native communities in many Polynesian Islands located in central and southern Pacific Ocean.
History Of The Polynesian People
Scientific research has confirmed Taiwan as the origin of the Polynesian group. Polynesians are the member of the Austronesian-speakers who migrated from Taiwan and passed to the Pacific through the Philippines, eastern New Guinea, Indonesia, and Melanesia. Analysis of the Polynesian DNA has shown that the Polynesian people are closely linked to East Asians, Micronesians, and Taiwanese Aborigines.
The first Polynesian parents settled in the Tonga, Wallis and Futuna, and Samoa areas. These areas were not especially habitable for humans and therefore domestic plants and animals had to be introduced. The people used the voyaging canoe to pass the Pacific. Europeans found the islands in the late 18th century and attempted to colonize the islands.
Freedom was achieved by a section of the islands after the Second World War although some colonial powers still have a degree of control in some islands (such as French Polynesia). Chile is the only Latin Country with the territory in the region of Polynesia (Easter Island).
Territory Of The Polynesian People
Polynesians are native populations in Hawaii, Tahiti, Easter Island, Papua New Guinea, Tuvalu, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Cook Islands, Samoa, New Zealand, Chatham Islands, French Polynesia, Wallis and Futuna, Tokelau, American Samoa, Niue, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, and two islands in the Federated States of Micronesia.
Culture And Society
When the Europeans first found the Polynesian Islands, they were surprised to find increasing communities with a rich cultural system. The people’s trust system was centered on gods and goddesses who were regularly venerated.
There was also the concept of tapu, complete with laws and prohibitions, which were observed in Polynesian society. Violating something opposed could lead to serious consequences such as sickness or death. It is from this meaning that the English word taboo came to be used. Polynesian communities celebrated rites of passage in a variety of ways.
Tattooing rituals, for example, were carried out during adolescent. Tattoos, in general, had typical and cultural meaning to Polynesians. Birth and death were marked by elaborate rituals which involved dances and gift-giving. The Polynesians lived in neighborhoods included families living communally. It was normal for cousins to marry and premarital sexual relations and polygamy took place.
For food sources, Polynesians relied on fishing and farming. There was a clear gender division of roles and women status vary from society to society. Polynesian cultures embraced folklore and myths as a way to explain the origin of people and culture.
The eradication of Polynesian culture started with the arrival of European missionaries. The missionaries popularized Christianity and denounced the Polynesian way of life as pagan. The Polynesians were very quick to adopt Christianity which is currently adhered to by 96.1% of the population.
Polynesian mythology is observed by a section of the people. English and French are widely spoken alongside Polynesian languages. Some native languages have been on the brink of extinction forcing revitalization programs to be implemented such as the Hawaiian Language. The majority of the population has embraced westernization in areas such as dressing, education, sports, entertainment, and employment.
( Source: Polynesian Print )